Prof. Jerome H Milgram

Professor of Mechanical and Ocean Engineering, Emeritus

Primary DLC

Department of Mechanical Engineering

MIT Room: 5-322

Areas of Interest and Expertise

Marine Hydrodynamics
Dynamics of Towing in Random Seas
Radar Detection of Ship Wakes
Wave-Surfactant Interactions
Remote Sensing of Waterwaves
Sailing Vessel Dynamics
Fluid Mechanics and Random Processes
Applied Ocean Science and Engineering
Vehicles and Submarines

Research Summary

Jerry Milgram's research has spanned many diverse areas. Topics have included aerodynamics of sails on sailing vessels; generation and absorption of water waves in test facilities; hydrodynamic interaction of layers of floating oil (pollution) with devices used in oil-spill cleanup at sea; behavior of the oil and gas plume above a subsea well blowout; theoretical and experimental studies of two-phase gas-liquid bubble plumes; mixing of treating agents into the oil aboard a damaged tanker; variability in towing-tank data used to predict ship performance (ongoing); dynamics of one ship towing another in open ocean waves; and behavior of natural sea surfactants. Most of his research projects have been both theoretical and experimental in nature, with experiments being conducted both in the laboratory and, where feasible, "in the field" under prototype conditions. This research has often yielded computational methodologies and/or operational guidelines that have improved the safety and effectiveness of critical marine operations. A numerical simulator, coupling his sail-aerodynamics and hull-hydrodynamics capabilities, was used for the development of the sails for a successful US America's Cup defender, America3. Similarly, insight gained from Professor Milgram's towed-ship line-tension research has been utilized in the preparation of the US Navy's Towing Manual. His current research focuses on the variability in towing-tank data used to predict ship performance; computational reconstruction of optical fields from holograms; performance of advanced floating antennae towed by submarines; computational simulation of the dynamics of autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs); and hydrodynamics of near-surface submarines and AUVs.

Over the years, Professor Milgram has been engaged in many consulting activities related to his interests in fluid mechanics and hydrodynamics for such well-known companies as Alcoa, Conoco, EG&G, Exxon, Honeywell, Kennecott Exploration and Arthur D. Little. Some of these activities dealt with wave mechanics in aluminum production; technology for shellfish harvesting; ship maneuvering; ship-wave generation; hydrodynamics of marine-vessel surface coatings; hydrodynamic forces on tension leg platforms from gas well blowout plumes; evaluation of oil-pollution control barriers; motions of oceanographic instruments in waves and currents; deepocean mining; dispersion of oil slicks at sea; conversion of commercial fishing vessels to oil collection vessels; ocean engineering of subsea power cables and pipelines; and ship grounding and structural failure. Professor Milgram holds 12 patents, most of which deal with oil-spill recovery technology.

Recent Work