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RECENT PUBLICATIONS

343 Results | Prev | 1 | 2 | 3 | .. | 64 | Page 65 | 66 | 67 | 68 | Last | Next
 

September 2010
MIT
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The Future of Nuclear Fuel Cycle

Forsberg, Kazimi, Moniz
An Interdisciplinary MIT Study
Uranium supplies will not limit the expansion of nuclear power in the US or around the world for the foreseeable future, according to a major new interdisciplinary study produced under the auspices of the MIT Energy Initiative.

The study challenges conventional assumptions about nuclear energy. It suggests that nuclear power using today’s reactor technology with a once-through fuel cycle can play a significant part in displacing the world’s carbon-emitting fossil-fuel plants and thus help to reduce the potential for global climate change. But determining the best fuel cycle for the next generation of nuclear power plants will require more research, the report concludes.

The report focuses on what is known as the “nuclear fuel cycle”—a concept that encompasses both the kind of fuel used to power a reactor (currently, most of the world’s reactors run on mined uranium that has been enriched, while a few run on plutonium) and what happens to the fuel after it has been used (either stored on site or disposed of underground—a “once-through” cycle—or reprocessed to yield new reactor fuel).

July 2010
MIT Press
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Contending with Terrorism

Edited by Michael E. Brown, Owen R. Coté Jr., Sean M. Lynn-Jones and Steven E. Miller
Roots, Strategies, and Responses
Since the attacks of September 11, 2001, scholars and policy analysts in national security have turned their attention to terrorism, considering not only how to prevent future attacks but also the roots of the problem. This book offers some of the latest research in terrorism studies. The contributors examine the sources of contemporary terrorism, discussing the impact of globalization, the influence of religious beliefs, and the increasing dissatisfaction felt by the world’s powerless. They consider the strategies and motivations of terrorists, offering contending perspectives on whether or not terrorists can be said to achieve their goals; explore different responses to the threat of terrorism, discussing such topics as how the United States can work more effectively with its allies; and contemplate the future of al-Qaida, asking if its networked structure is an asset or a liability.

The essays in Contending with Terrorism address some of the central topics in the analysis of contemporary terrorism. They promise to guide future policy and inspire further research into one of most important security issues of the twenty-first century.

Contributors: Max Abrahms, Daniel Byman, Erica Chenoweth, Audrey Kurth Cronin, Renée de Nevers, Mette Eilstrup-Sangiovanni, Hillel Frisch, Calvert Jones, Andrew Kydd, Sean M. Lynn-Jones, Elizabeth McClellan, Nicholas Miller, Assaf Moghadam, Michael Mousseau, Rysia Murphy, William Rose, Paul Staniland, Robert Trager, Barbara Walter, Dessislava Zagorcheva


Editors:
Owen R. Coté Jr. is Associate Director of the Security Studies Program at MIT.

Michael E. Brown is Dean of the Elliott School of International Affairs at George Washington University. Sean M. Lynn-Jones is a Belfer Center researcher at Harvard University and Editor of International Security, the International Security Program's quarterly journal. Steven E. Miller is Editor-in-chief of International Security and Director of the International Security Program of BCSIA.



January 2010
Taloustieto Oy
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Nordics in Global Crisis

Bengt Holmström, Thorvaldur Gylfason, Sixten Korkman, Hans Tson Söderström, Vesa Vihriälä
Vulnerability and Resilience
This is a report on the global financial and economic crisis from the point of view of small open economies with particular reference to the Nordic countries. The report discusses, why the Nordic countries were hit hard by a crisis, which apparently had little if anything to do with the stability of their own financial systems or with their competitiveness in global markets. It offers an in-depth analysis of the macroeconomic issues faced by small open economies in a turbulent world economy and outlines the main elements of the policies that should guide the Nordic countries in their search for less vulnerability and more resilience.


Bengt Holmstrom is Paul A. Samuelson Professor of Economics at MIT.

June 2010
MIT Energy Initiative
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The Future of Natural Gas

Study Co-Chairs: Ernest J. Moniz, Henry D. Jacoby, Anthony J.M. Meggs
An Interdisciplinary MIT Study
The Future of Natural Gas is the third in a series of MIT multidisciplinary reports examining the role of various energy sources that may be important for meeting future demand under carbon dioxide emissions constraints. In each case, we explore the steps needed to enable competitiveness in a future marketplace conditioned by a CO2 emissions price.

The first two reports dealt with nuclear power (2003) and coal (2007). A study of natural gas is more complex because gas is a major fuel for multiple end uses — electricity, industry, heating — and is increasingly discussed as a potential pathway to reduced oil dependence for transportation. In addition, the realization over the last few years that the producible unconventional gas resource in the U.S. is very large has intensified the discussion about natural gas as a "bridge" to a low-carbon future. We have carried out the integrated analysis reported here as a contribution to the energy, security and climate debate.

Our judgment is that an interim report on our findings and recommendations is a timely contribution to that debate. A full report with additional analysis addressing a broader set of issues will follow later this year.

September 2010
MIT Press
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Becoming MIT

David Kaiser (Ed.)
Moments of Decision
How did MIT become MIT? The Massachusetts Institute of Technology marks the 150th anniversary of its founding in 2011. Over the years, MIT has lived by its motto, "Mens et Manus" ("Mind and Hand"), dedicating itself to the pursuit of knowledge and its application to real-world problems. MIT has produced leading scholars in fields ranging from aeronautics to economics, invented entire academic disciplines, and transformed ideas into market-ready devices. This book examines a series of turning points, crucial decisions that helped define MIT. Many of these issues have relevance today: the moral implications of defense contracts, the optimal balance between government funding and private investment, and the right combination of basic science, engineering, and humanistic scholarship in the curriculum.

Chapters describe the educational vison and fund-raising acumen of founder William Barton Rogers (MIT was among the earliest recipients of land grant funding); MIT's relationship with Harvard—its rival, doppelgänger, and, for a brief moment, degree-conferring partner; the battle between pure science and industrial sponsorship in the early twentieth century; MIT's rapid expansion during World War II because of defense work and military training courses; the conflict between Cold War gadgetry and the humanities; protests over defense contracts at the height of the Vietnam War; the uproar in the local community over the perceived riskiness of recombinant DNA research; and the measures taken to reverse years of institutionalized discrimination against women scientists.

Contributors: Lotte Bailyn, Deborah Douglas, John Durant, Susan Hockfield, Nancy Hopkins, David Kaiser, Christophe Lécuyer, Stuart W. Leslie, Bruce Sinclair, Merritt Roe Smith

About the Editor: David Kaiser is Associate Professor in the Program in Science, Technology, and Society and a Lecturer in the Department of Physics at MIT. He is the author of Drawing Theories Apart: The Dispersion of the Feynman Diagrams in Postwar Physics, and editor of Pedagogy and the Practices of Science: Historical and Contemporary Perspectives.