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May 2015
ILP Research Group
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ILP Research Group
This list is a guide to MIT research on topics that have been of interest to ILP member companies. The list includes reports from 2013 to present and is updated regularly.

March 2015
The MIT Press
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Dream Chasers

John Tirman
Immigration and the American Backlash
Illegal immigration continues to roil American politics. The right-wing media stir up panic over “anchor babies,” job stealing, welfare dependence, bilingualism, al-Qaeda terrorists disguised as Latinos, even a conspiracy by Latinos to “retake” the Southwest. State and local governments have passed more than 300 laws that attempt to restrict undocumented immigrants’ access to hospitals, schools, food stamps, and driver’s licenses. Federal immigration authorities stage factory raids that result in arrests, deportations, and broken families—and leave owners scrambling to fill suddenly open jobs. The DREAM Act, which would grant permanent residency to high school graduates brought here as minors, is described as “amnesty.” And yet polls show that a majority of Americans support some kind of path to citizenship for those here illegally. What is going on? In this book, John Tirman shows how the resistance to immigration in America is more cultural than political. Although cloaked in language about jobs and secure borders, the cultural resistance to immigration expresses a fear that immigrants are changing the dominant white, Protestant, “real American” culture.

Tirman describes the “raid mentality” of our response to immigration, which seeks violent solutions for a social phenomenon. He considers the culture clash over Chicano ethnic studies in Tucson, examines the consequences of an immigration raid in New Bedford, and explores the civil rights activism of young “Dreamers.” The current “round them up, deport them, militarize the border” approach, Tirman shows, solves nothing.

About the Author:

John Tirman is the author of The Deaths of Others: The Fate of Civilians in America’s Wars, 100 Ways America is Screwing Up the World, and other books. He is Executive Director of MIT’s Center for International Studies, where he is also Principal Research Scientist.

May 2015
Prentice Hall-Pearson Higher Education Inc.
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System Architecture

Edward Crawley, Bruce Cameron, Daniel Selva
Strategy and Product Development for Complex Systems
Architecture and Function of Complex Systems

[For courses in engineering and technical management]

System architecture is the study of early decision making in complex systems. This text teaches how to capture experience and analysis about early system decisions, and how to choose architectures that meet stakeholder needs, integrate easily, and evolve flexibly. With case studies written by leading practitioners, from hybrid cars to communications networks to aircraft, this text showcases the science and art of system architecture.

System Architecture: Strategy and Product Development for Complex Systems is a comprehensive text that brings new focus to the emerging discipline of systems architecture. Bridging engineering and management, this text contains a number of features to accelerate learning in the classroom and in the professional world.

About the Authors:

Edward F. Crawley is the President of the Skolkovo Institute of Science and Technology (Skoltech) in Moscow, Russia, and a Professor of Aeronautics and Astronautics and Engineering Systems at MIT. He is the founder of ACX, BioScale, DataXu, and Ekotrope, and a member four national academies of engineering.

Bruce G. Cameron is the founder of Technology Strategy Partners (TSP), a consulting firm, and the Director of the System Architecture Lab at MIT. He has worked with 60 Fortune 500 firms across aerospace, high tech, and consumer goods, and has built hardware currently on orbit.

Daniel Selva is a Professor of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering at Cornell. He has pioneered the use of machine learning tools in system architecture analysis, and is the recipient of Best Paper and Hottest Article awards for his work with NASA.

May 2015
ILP Research
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MIT and the Life Sciences and Health Care Industries

ILP Industry Brief

• Bioinformatics, Computation, Data
• Biomaterials, Biosensors
• Bio Micro- and Nano-technologies
• Brain & Neuroscience
• Drug and Medical Device Development
• Genomics, Microbiome
• Imaging, Lasers, Spectroscopy
• Medical Diagnosis and Therapeutic Intervention
• Medicine, Engineering, and Science
• Pathology: Cancer, HIV, Other
• Sensory Research: Retinal Implants, Speech & Hearing Science
• Synthetic Biology / Systems Biology
• Wellness / Lifestyle Issues

December 2014
Columbia University Press
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Moral Hazard in Health Insurance

Amy Finkelstein, with Kenneth J. Arrow, Jonathan Gruber, Joseph P. Newhouse, and Joseph E. Stiglitz
Moral hazard--the tendency to change behavior when the cost of that behavior will be borne by others--is a particularly tricky question when considering health care. Kenneth J. Arrow's seminal 1963 paper on this topic (included in this volume) was one of the first to explore the implication of moral hazard for health care, and Amy Finkelstein--recognized as one of the world's foremost experts on the topic--here examines this issue in the context of contemporary American health care policy.

Drawing on research from both the original RAND Health Insurance Experiment and her own research, including a 2008 Health Insurance Experiment in Oregon, Finkelstein presents compelling evidence that health insurance does indeed affect medical spending and encourages policy solutions that acknowledge and account for this. The volume also features commentaries and insights from other renowned economists, including an introduction by Joseph P. Newhouse that provides context for the discussion, a commentary from Jonathan Gruber that considers provider-side moral hazard, and reflections from Joseph E. Stiglitz and Kenneth J. Arrow.

About the Author:

Amy Finkelstein is the Ford Professor of Economics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, codirector of JPAL North America, and codirector of the Public Economics Program at the National Bureau of Economic Research. She is a recipient of the John Bates Clark medal from the American Economic Association, the ASHEcon Medal from the American Society of Health Economics, and the Elaine Bennett Research Prize, awarded by the Committee on the Status of Women in the Economics Profession.