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RECENT PUBLICATIONS

340 Results | Page 1 | 2 | 3 | .. | 67 | 68 | Last | Next
 

July 2016
ILP Research Group
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RESEARCH SURVEYS - TOPICS LIST

ILP Research Group
This list is a guide to MIT ILP research surveys on topics that have been of interest to ILP member companies. The list includes research surveys from 2014 to present and is updated regularly.

July 2016
Oxford University Press
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The Cultures of Markets

Janelle Knox Hayes
The Political Economy of Climate Governance
Anthropogenic climate change poses a grave threat to societies around the world. The greenhouse gases that generate climate change are produced by virtually every sector of every economy. The predominant response of governments around the world is to mitigate climate change through the capping and trading of emissions.

This book explores the establishment of emissions trading as a form of environmental, market-based governance in the United States, Europe, Australia, South Korea, Japan, and China. The book conceptualizes markets as institutions, and analyzes them as a system of climate governance. To this end, it argues that international efforts to promulgate markets run up against local cultures of markets that shape economic practices and knowledge to different degrees. While the global agenda under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change has sought to develop similar systems to enable interconnected and synchronized emissions reductions, each of the cases analyzed here has produced different results.

The markets and climate policies established reflect the syncretic impact of socio-political and cultural context on the institutional transfer of markets. Each country expresses a varying degree of ease or unease with the establishment of markets as systems of climate governance. Exploration of market adaptation adds new insights to theories of varieties of capitalism. The book also examines the material implications of emissions markets on the environment and climatic systems.

In sum, the study finds that cultures of markets present a substantial challenge to a universalist prescription for resolving climate change and highlights issues at the interface of political and economic governance in different political economies. This includes issues of citizen, state, and industry participation, and the materiality of economic and financial productivity.


About the Author:

Janelle Knox Hayes, Lister Brothers Associate Professor of Economic Geography and Planning, MIT Department of Urban Studies and Planning

July 2016
ILP Research Group
Request Research Survey

Materials in Extreme Environments

ILP Research Survey
Survey of MIT research:

Thermal aging, stress corrosion cracking, fracture toughness * radiation damage * material aging * strength ductility * metal alloys * surface reactivity..




Please note that the ILP RESEARCH SURVEY LIST serves as a guide to MIT research on topics that have been of interest to ILP member companies and that the older the survey is, the more likely that it will contain some inactive projects.

July 2016
ILP Research Group
Request Research Survey

Metamaterials

ILP Research Survey
Survey of MIT research:

Metamaterial topological transitions * acoustic metamaterials * graphene * metamaterial absorber * paths of soft metamaterials * invisible metallic mesh...




Please note that the ILP RESEARCH SURVEY LIST serves as a guide to MIT research on topics that have been of interest to ILP member companies and that the older the survey is, the more likely that it will contain some inactive projects.

May 2016
The University of Chicago Press
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Groovy Science

David Kaiser and W. Patrick McCray (Eds.)
Knowledge, Innovation, and American Counterculture
In his 1969 book The Making of a Counterculture, Theodore Roszak described the youth of the late 1960s as fleeing science “as if from a place inhabited by plague,” and even seeking “subversion of the scientific worldview” itself. Roszak’s view has come to be our own: when we think of the youth movement of the 1960s and early 1970s, we think of a movement that was explicitly anti-scientific in its embrace of alternative spiritualities and communal living.

Such a view is far too simple, ignoring the diverse ways in which the era’s countercultures expressed enthusiasm for and involved themselves in science—of a certain type. Rejecting hulking, militarized technical projects like Cold War missiles and mainframes, Boomers and hippies sought a science that was both small-scale and big-picture, as exemplified by the annual workshops on quantum physics at the Esalen Institute in Big Sur, or Timothy Leary’s championing of space exploration as the ultimate “high.” Groovy Science explores the experimentation and eclecticism that marked countercultural science and technology during one of the most colorful periods of American history.


About the Editors:

David Kaiser is the Germeshausen Professor of the History of Science and professor of physics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He is the author of Drawing Theories Apart, also published by the University of Chicago Press, and How the Hippies Saved Physics.

W. Patrick McCray is professor in the department of history at the University of California, Santa Barbara. He is the author of The Visioneers and Keep Watching the Skies.