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466 Results | Prev | 1 | 2 | 3 | .. | 91 | Page 92 | 93 | Last | Next

45 mins
ILP Video

Diet and Health and the Potential for Disease Prevention

Walter Willett
Fredrick John Stare Professor of Epidemiology and Nutrition
Chair, Department of Nutrition
Harvard School of Public Health
For much of the last 25 years the focus of nutritional advice has been to reduce total fat intake and consume large amounts of carbohydrate. However, this advice was inconsistent with many lines of evidence indicating that unsaturated fats have beneficial metabolic effects and reduce risk of coronary heart disease. More recent evidence has also shown that the large majority of carbohydrates in current industrial diets, consisting of refined starches and sugar, have adverse metabolic effects and increase risks of obesity, heart disease and type 2 diabetes. Also, red meat consumption is associated with increased risks of diabetes, cardiovascular disease, some cancers, and total mortality, and replacement of red meat with nuts and legumes is strongly associated with lower risk of these outcomes. Thus, in an optimal diet, most calories would come from a balance of whole grains and plant oils, and proteins would be provided by a mix of nuts, beans, fish, eggs, and poultry. Higher intake of fruits and vegetables (not including potatoes) is associated with lower risks of cardiovascular disease, although the benefits for cancer prevention appear to be less than anticipated. A shift from the current US diet to a more optimal way of eating would have a profoundly beneficial effect on health and wellbeing of Americans.
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37 mins
ILP Video

Social Media and the Spread of Health Behaviors across Social Networks

Damon Centola
Assistant Professor
Behavioral and Policy Sciences (BPS)
MIT Sloan School of Management
The remarkable volume of online data available, so called ?big data?, has given rise to an expansive field of research on social dynamics on the Internet. However, one striking limitation of big data is that it is fundamentally observational, reintroducing many of the classic problems of causality and inference found in traditional public health data. To address these problems, we have pioneered the use of online tools that use social media to study the casual effects of social networks on the spread of health behaviors. Our research investigates the impact of network ?topology? ? the graph-theoretic structure of social ties in a network ? and ?homophily? ? the similarity or differences between connected members of a population ? on the spread of behavior change. Our results demonstrate how these factors can significantly, and causally, impact changes in health behavior at both the individual and collective level.
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35 mins
ILP Video

Building a Healthier Future

Lawrence Soler
President and CEO
Partnership for a Healthier America
One in three children are currently overweight or obese. By the year 2030, nearly one in two adults will be obese. Childhood obesity is leading our children to a lifetime of diabetes, heart disease and cancer. It is slowing economic growth and impacting the economic health of our nation. The First Lady's Let's Move campaign is drawing unprecedented attention to this issue and America is now making major steps to overcome this epidemic. Mr. Soler will discuss the role that the private sector is taking to help America's families make the healthy choice the easy choice and improve the health of American families.
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16 mins
ILP Video

Transforming Diagnosis at the MIT Institute for Medical Engineering & Sciences

Arup Chakraborty
Robert T Haslam (1911) Professor of Chemical Engineering, Chemistry and Biological Engineering
Director, Institute for Medical Engineering and Sciences (IMES)
Graduate Admissions Officer (Chem-E)
Arup K. Chakraborty is the Robert T. Haslam Professor of Chemical Engineering, Chemistry, Physics, and Biological Engineering at MIT. He is the founding Director of MIT’s Institute for Medical Engineering and Science (IMES). He is also a founding member of the Ragon Institute of MIT, MGH, and Harvard, which is focused on multi-disciplinary approaches to understand human immunology and develop a vaccine against HIV and other scourges on the planet. After obtaining his PhD in chemical engineering at the University of Delaware, and postdoctoral studies at the University of Minnesota, he joined the faculty at the University of California at Berkeley in December 1988. He rose through the ranks, and ultimately served as the Warren and Katherine Schlinger Distinguished Professor and Chair of Chemical Engineering, Professor of Chemistry, and Professor of Biophysics at Berkeley. He was also Head of Theoretical and Computational Biology at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. In September 2005, Dr. Chakraborty moved to MIT.

For over twelve years, the central theme of his research has been the development and application of theoretical/computational approaches, rooted in physics and engineering, to study how T lymphocytes, orchestrators of the adaptive immune response, function. In recent years, this has included efforts to study the human immune response to HIV and vaccine design. A characteristic of his work is the impact of his studies on experimental immunology and clinical studies (he collaborates extensively with leading immunologists). Dr. Chakraborty’s work at the interface of the physical, life, and engineering sciences has been recognized by many honors that include a 2006 NIH Director’s Pioneer Award, the E.O. Lawrence Memorial Award for Life Sciences (USDOE), an Allan P. Colburn Award and Professional Progress Award from the American Institute of Chemical Engineers, a Camille Dreyfus Teacher-Scholar award, a Miller Research Professorship, and an NSF Young Investigator award. Dr. Chakraborty is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts & Sciences and the American Association for the Advancement of Science.
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47 mins
ILP Video

Wellness, The Web and Wisdom

Eric Silfen
Senior Vice President and Chief Medical Officer (CMO)
Philips Healthcare
Anthony Jones
Vice President, Marketing, Strategy & Business Development
Patient Care and Clinical Informatics, Philips Healthcare
Like virtually every other aspect of our collective future, wellness will be driven, dispersed and defined by Internet technology. As with publishing and politics, the Internet will shift wellness information and empowerment from the few to the many, from hierarchy to concentricity, from doctors and healthcare providers to patients and families. New forms of online communication and collaboration will give people worldwide the ability to research, choose, evaluate and communicate their prescriptions for wellness (and illness ? the two will converge). So far, so good. But information minus analysis and empowerment absent wisdom is no one's definition of wellness. The opportunity is in the Web, but the challenge is in our hands: how to support and guide the healthcare power shift from practitioner to patient so that wisdom is the ultimate outcome.
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