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466 Results | Prev | 1 | 2 | Page 3 | 4 | .. | 92 | 93 | Last | Next

28 mins
ILP Video

Artificial-Intelligence Revives Its Old Ambitions: Unraveling the Mystery of Intelligence

Tomaso Poggio
Eugene McDermott Professor in the Brain Sciences and Human Behavior
Investigator, McGovern Institute
In recent years, artificial-intelligence researchers have built special-purpose systems that can do things like interpret spoken language or play Jeopardy with great success. But according to Tomaso Poggio, ?These recent achievements have, ironically, underscored the limitations of computer science and artificial intelligence. We do not yet understand how the brain gives rise to intelligence, nor do we know how to build machines that are as broadly intelligent as we are.?Poggio thinks that AI needs to revive its early ambitions of building genuinely intelligent machines. ?It?s time to try again,? he says. ?We know much more than we did before about biological brains and how they produce intelligent behavior. We?re now at the point where we can start applying that understanding from neuroscience, cognitive science, and computer science to the design of intelligent machines.?
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42 mins
ILP Video

What Do Your Customers (Dis)like??Let Their Data Decide

Devavrat Shah
Jamieson Associate Professor
MIT Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
We live in the era where almost everything we do is recorded somewhere. Naturally such massive amounts of social data contain a wealth of information about us. This presents us with a huge opportunity to utilize it for operating businesses efficiently, making meaningful policies, and better social living. In this talk, Professor Devavrat Shah will discuss how we can utilize social data for predicting preferences of a business's customers accurately. He will discuss such a desirable, scalable data processing system for predicting customer preferences that he has built and deployed. He will describe success stories of this technology in the retail industry.
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41 mins
ILP Video

Leading Digital: What Got You Here Won't Get You There

George Westerman
Research Scientist
MIT Center for Digital Business
Fueled by mobility, analytics, social media, cloud computing, and embedded devices, companies in every industry are mapping their way through the digital realm. Yet some firms are far outpacing others in their ability to drive new value from digital technology. What is the difference? George Westerman will share answers from the new book "Leading Digital: Turning Technology Into Business Transformation." Digital masters do more than just adopt technology. They transform their businesses through smart digital and leadership capabilities. IT and business executives - and their partners - have essential skills to play in the strategic digital conversation.
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34 mins
ILP Video

Freud 2.0: Selves-Improvement In An Era of Networked Intelligences

Michael Schrage
Research Fellow, MIT Center for Digital Business
Visting Fellow, Martin Trust Center for MIT Entrepreneurship
Visiting Fellow, Imperial College Department of Innovation and Entrepreneurship
MIT Center for Digital Business
Ego. Id. Superego. Freud?s Vienna pioneered innovative and controversial concepts of the self. Ongoing revolution in digital media, social networks and machine learning are similarly leading to innovative and controversial transformation of ?selbstkonzept.? This transformation, however, will be less about therapeutic intervention than economic affect and effectiveness. Michael Schrage will describe a future of ?multiple selves? that will likely reshape the meaning of creativity, productivity and innovation global markets. Freud would have enjoyed it.
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46 mins
ILP Video

Artificial Intelligence: Mind - your own Business

Robert Trappl
Austrian Research Institute for Artificial Intelligence
Sigmund Freud is not the only famous psychiatrist from Austria, among others are Viktor Frankl and Alfred Adler. Though Adler coined the term "Inferiority Complex", Austrians have no reason to feel inferior.

Austrians seem to have an inclination for the "psyche" and for music. Among the research that has been undertaken at the Austrian Research Institute for Artificial Intelligence (OFAI.at) are playing classical piano music expressively through AI programs, visually representing different styles of famous pianists, investigating and modeling the coordination of musicians when playing in unison, finding the most similar sounding musical pieces to a given musical composition, even a contemporary one, and that in millions of pieces, in really big data, in milliseconds. A method, applicable to many other domains. And finding out why some pieces have an extreme high mathematical similarity to most of the others though this is obviously not the case ("hubness") and the generalization to similar problems in other areas than music.

The "psyche" or, simpler, personalities, both with their rational and emotional aspects, are another hot topic of research and application in Austria. Results were published as books already in 1997 in "Creating Personalities for Synthetic Actors" and in 2003 "Emotions in Humans and Artifacts", the latter book published by a well-known publisher in the USA, MIT Press. Is it possible to influence the mood of a visitor of a virtual bartender, i.e. an AI system? Yes, it is, and in both directions, positive or negative. A result important for affect mining and influencing. Another project, interacting with synthetic personalities in serious games for training in emergency handling.

Robots are expected to help elder persons or persons with special needs to lead a self-determined life, as companions. Psychologists are currently pondering about the personality traits needed. But don't we have a rich source of successful companionships in literature, dramas, operas, films, compiled, at least partially in thousands of years? Character Mining and Generation (CHARMinG) is a large project we will start this spring. Complex situations request ethical decision-making, both for robot companions and, not yet well-known, for self-driving cars. The book "A Construction Manual for Robots' Ethical Systems"; will contain the results of our research and those of several colleagues in other countries, to be published this spring.

Thus, our work is in the range from theoretical research to near-product development. Many enterprises are partners in our, up to now 32 EU-projects, among them Ferrari, mentioned today in another talk. Unfortunately, for many company projects, from Austria to China, NDAs had to be signed. But some of our partners do not hide our contribution, e.g. Austrian Tourist Consultants, Frequentis, derStandard, SwissPerform, MediaControl, Amsterdam's Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra or Denmark's Bang & Olufsen (B&O) which advertises our cooperation regarding their Beosound 5.

Even considering the enormous progress of AI, "mind" is still your business. But if you mind your business, consider AI.
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